In March 2016, India signed an agreement with Bahrain to prevent Human Trafficking. Human Trafficking is the third heinous crime after arms and the drug trade across the globe. Millions of women, men and children around the world are sold and bought as commodities into flesh trade, prostitution, domestic servitude and forced labour. This is one of the most rampant crime in developing countries like India because of our lack of knowledge about it.
Here is a vivid description about Human Trafficking, conditions of victims, the plausible solutions and the society anticipated reaction for the survivors of human trafficking.
Human Trafficking is a trade of human beings for exploitative purposes like bonded labour, prostitution, domestic servitude, illegal organ trade. The nature of the crime is heinous and involves illegal and forceful migration of the victims who are traded.
As per the definition of Human Trafficking by the United Nations- Trafficking is any activity that leads to recruitment, transportation, harbouring or any receipts of a person by coercion, threat or a position of vulnerability.
Victims of Human Trafficking
The victims of Human Trafficking lives amidst us. The most common victims are:
- Young women and children brought from rural areas or from other states to be engaged as domestic help for households or in small-scale establishments.
- Children and adolescents begging or selling candies on the streets in cities and towns
- Children and women sold into commercial sex trade market
- People lured by fraudulent recruitment agencies with job offers in foreign countries.
- illegal organ trade racket.
Identification of Victims of Human Trafficking
Children employed in establishments and households in neighbourhoods can ignite suspicion. People can stay alerted and if they witness any sign of oppression or anxious behaviour of the child. People can report such incident on helpline number 1098.
Another 24*7 helpline number 011-2436 8638 has been launched by the Central Bureau of Investigation which has been created for complaints against illegal Human Trafficking.
Though the incidents are no easy to detect but with some alertness, the numbers of cases can slightly reduce.
At least 3,00,000 children across our country are beaten, drugged and forced to beg everyday. The Voice raiser report on child beggary can be read here. This has also become a multi-million rupee industry controlled by cartels and trafficking experts.
Many women and girls are trafficked into prostitution and are sold and bought like commodities in many areas of India especially where the female ratio is comparatively less to male. These are then forced to marry.
Rehabilitation of the victims.
Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA) is an NGO that actively ensures that the children are protected and not vulnerable to re-trafficked. Rehabilitation includes support like trauma counselling and care and protection.
Action against culprits
As per the Immoral Trafficking Prevention Act (ITPA), trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation is penalised subjected to seven years to life imprisonment.